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CARE INSTRUCTIONS


1 General guidelines for washing

2 Procedure to follow for a perfect wash

3 Wash and care symbols

4 Fibres

5 Fabrics description

1.General guidelines for washing

  • Before washing any products, customers are advised to read the the wash and care guidelines on the product label.
  • Neutral detergents are recommended as normal ones contain excessive amounts of whitener.
  • Garments should be washed inside out.
  • Liquid detergent is preferable to solid or powdered detergent.
  • Too much fabric softener may cause stains if garments are not properly rinsed.
  • Mechanical drying is not recommended as fabrics tend to get matted while friction increases wear.
  • High temperatures are always bad for fabrics.
  • Avoid direct sunlight when drying clothes outside
  • Garments which discolour should be washed separately or with similar colours
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2.Procedure to follow for a perfect wash


1 Sort the laundry.

2 Read the clothing labels carefully.

3 Select the appropriate wash cycle and temperature.

4 Add the correct amount of detergent.

5 Dry the clothes.

6 Iron the clothes.

1 Sort the laundry.

Separate garments depending on how soiled they are: very stained or not very stained. Wash white and pale garments separately from coloured or dark garments.

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2 Read the clothing labels carefully.

To check the garments maximum washing temperature and wash type (hand wash, machine wash or dry clean).

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3 Select the appropriate wash cycle and temperature.

The temperature, wash cycle and spin will vary according to the garment composition. Natural fabrics such as wool, linen and silk will shrink if washed at excessively high temperatures and will lose shape if spun or hung vertically. Artificial and synthetic fabrics are very sensitive to heat, and therefore must be washed in warm water and ironed inside out at a low temperature. Jeans must be washed inside out and never at more than 40ºC.

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4 Add the correct amount of detergent.

Adding too much detergent damages clothes, harms the environment and if the detergent does not dissolve correctly, clothes may become stained. Do not overload the washing machine: overloading may prevent the clothes from being properly washed.

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5 Dry the clothes.

Spin drying and direct exposure to sunlight during drying tends to make clothes lumpy. After machine washing, it is a good idea to dry clothes immediately, as leaving laundry in the washing machine for an extended period may cause unpleasant odours and humidity in garments.

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6 Iron the clothes.

Start ironing at the lowest temperature. Iron the clothes slightly damp or inside out in the case of dark colours.

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3.Wash and care symbols


Wash and care symbols

WASHING


Machine wash at 30°C max. (The number on the bowl indicates the maximum wash temperature for the garment)


Machine wash with normal wash action and short spin. Delicate garments made of synthetic fibres. (The number on the bowl indicates the maximum wash temperature for the garment)

Handwash only at 30°C max. Do not rub or wring.

Do not wash in water.

USE OF BLEACH

Bleach can be used.

Do not use bleach.

IRONING

Hot iron: maximum 200°C. Cotton, linen or viscose.

Medium iron: maximum 150°C. Wool and polyester mixes.

Low iron: maximum 110°C. Natural silk, rayon, acetate or acrylic.

Do not iron.

DRY CLEANING



The letters in the circle indicate the type of product suitable for each garment. Useful information for the dry cleaning specialist.

Do not dry clean.

DRYING

Do tumble dry.

Do not tumble dry.

Tumble dry at low temperature.

Tumble dry at normal temperature.

Dry horizontally.

Hang without wringing.

Dry on a hanger.

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4.Fibres

Fibres

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5.Fabrics description

Natural fibres


  • Linen and Ramie

  • Two fibres of vegetable origin which come from different types of plants, the linen plant and the ramie plant. They are Spring-Summer plants which contain similar properties. Unlike cotton, which comes from the flower of the plant, linen and ramie come from the stalk, which is rigid and not at all elastic.

    Characteristics:

    • Pleasant to wear in summer (fresh).
    • Absorb humidity and perspiration: comfortable to wear.
    • Crease easily, since contact with the body produces a small rupture which causes the crease.
    • The ramie plant has a more abrupt stalk, with more imperfections and knots, which make the ramie fibre rougher and harder. For this reason, ramie is cheaper than linen.
  • Cotton

  • The most commonly used fibre, which originates from the seeds of the cotton plant. The best cotton is Egyptian.

    Characteristics:

    • Ability to absorb humidity.
    • Soft to the touch (fine and long fibres).
    • Resistant elastic.
    • Creases easily.
  • Wool

  • Sheep hair. Its quality depends on the type of sheep and the length of the hair.

    Characteristics:

    • The main property of wool is its thermal capacity to absorb or evaporate water, according to the outside environment, adapting the body to temperature changes.
    • Elasticity.
    • Soft to the touch
  • Silk

  • Originates from the silk worm, which creates its cocoon with a continuous filament. It is the fibre with the finest quality and appearance owing to the type of filament used to produce the fabric. Because silk is a very long filament, there is no union between the yarns, giving rise to a soft and shiny fibre.

    Characteristics:

    • Soft and silky to the touch
    • Characteristic shine
    • Good body
  • Fur

  • Angora is rabbit fur. Mohair and cashmere are different species of goat. Cashmere is a longer and softer goat fur which we often find blended with wool in sweaters in order to give it greater softness.


Chemical fibres


  • Viscose

  • A fibre with characteristics similar to cotton, but also similar in appearance to wool or silk. Also called Rayon.

    Characteristics:

    • Creases easily
    • Soft
    • Low resistance
    • Absorbs humidity well
    • Tends to shrink
  • Acetate

  • Artificial fibre similar in appearance to silk. Its properties bear greater similarity to synthetic fibres than natural ones, since they do not crease or shrink if washed gently.

    Characteristics:

    • Similar to silk
    • Low resistance
    • Does not crease much
    • Soft and light
    • Does not absorb humidity well
  • Modal

  • An artificial fibre with characteristics similar to cotton with elastane.

    Characteristics:

    • Does not crease
    • Resistant
    • Soft and comfortable to wear
  • Polyester

  • Synthetic fibre with many applications, either on its own or blended with natural and chemical fibres.

    Characteristics:

    • Highly resistant fibre which does not crease or shrink
    • Does not absorb humidity well
    • Dries quickly
    • Cheap
  • Acrylic

  • Synthetic fibre often blended with wool.

    Characteristics:

    • A fibre highly resistant to light and harsh weather.
    • Often blended with wool to give it greater resistance.
    • Warm, soft and comfortable fibres.
  • Polyamide

  • Synthetic fibre with many applications. More commonly known as nylon.

    Characteristics:

    • Highly resistant and elastic fibres.
    • Its commercial name is nylon.
    • Does not absorb perspiration.
    • Deforms at high temperatures.
  • Elastane

  • Is the fibre use to give elasticity to garments.

    The most commonly known commercial name is Lycra, belonging to the DuPont company. It is always blended with other fibres.

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